Law is a set of rules or guidelines that people follow to govern their actions. These are generally created by a government or society over a particular territory, such as business, crime, social relationships, property and finance.
The definition of law can be derived from several different theories. The pure theory of law states that law is a normative science that lays down certain rules that people should abide by.
It is a legal system that is made up of just and reasonable duties to respect and safeguard others.
According to this theory, rights are the legally recognized ability of one person (or group of people) to change or create legal positions, relations and norms in a way that benefits themselves or others.
A person with this kind of power is called a right-holder, and they can either create new legal rights by enacting legal rules or bestow existing ones through judicial decisions.
Another mechanism by which rights are created or detracted is through the recognition of certain actions intended to create them as constitutive of those rights, such as gifts, forfeitures, consent, appointment and last will and testament.
Finally, there is a third mechanism by which rights can be created or bestowed: through the will of the right-holders to claim or demand that their rights be bestowed. This is referred to as the demand theory of rights, and it has been developed by some scholars such as Joel Feinberg.