What Is Technology?


Technology is anything that enables people to make things faster, better or cheaper. It can include everything from big machines and fast computers to assembly line production or medical vaccines.

A broader definition is used by economists to describe processes and techniques that enable people to produce things. They include the manufacturing process, technology-enabled inventions like language, money and banking, and democracy.

Science and Technology

The most fundamental difference between science and technology is that science focuses on necessity and universality, while technology focuses on contingencies and specificities. This means that any attempt to apply scientific knowledge via technology must reason through the particular circumstances in which it is to be applied, not just through some abstract principle that embodies all contingencies and specificities in the world.

Design constraints

One of the most important issues in designing technology is ensuring that it works within a system of constraints, such as the cost of maintenance and repair, and the demand for training and maintenance personnel. These issues are inescapable in the design of any technology that has to be sold, operated, maintained and repaired as well as being constantly replaced.

Education and Collaboration

In education, technology enables teachers to provide students with personalized lessons that meet their individual learning needs. It also allows students to collaborate and communicate with classmates, making the classroom experience more engaging.

Workplace Transformation

Over time, technology has transformed the workplace by making the tasks that were difficult to complete in the past easier and more efficient. This has led to more comfortable working conditions and a faster pace of innovation.

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